The Benefits of Drying Biosolids
Working with municipal biosolids is often considered a "dirty job" that few want to dig their hands into. However, each municipality must consider how they will dispose of municipal biosolids created by the population in their area. Due to increasingly changing regulations, rising costs of landfill disposal, and many landfill depositories being landlocked, biosolids disposal is quickly becoming a leech for funds, causing municipalities to begin looking for disposal alternatives. One such solution is found within thermal drying technology, allowing municipal biosolids to be appropriately processed into Class A PFRP biosolids, that can be resold or reutilized.
As the challenge of disposing of Class B biosolids becomes increasingly more complicated, many waste water treatment plants are searching for cost-effective solutions that will allow them to meet the more stringent EPA regulations being enforced in many areas. Vulcan® Systems has developed the BIO-PRILL, an easy to operate, all in one solution, that will enable municipalities to produce a valuable end-product that can be applied in many different agricultural areas.
Under 40 CFR, part 503, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published regulations for technologies to further reduce pathogens in municipal biosolids. The result of the new regulations is a product classified as Class A biosolids. These biosolids are safe for land application without the negative environmental effects associated with Class B material.
Vulcan® Systems designed the BIO-PRILL biosolids drying unit with the intent to address the needs of the small to medium size municipalities. The continuous operation and automated controls ensure that operators can continue to focus on plant operation with minimal interaction with the dryer. All operating parameters are under the control of a PLC system and are capable of being monitored remotely.
The BIO-PRILL is effective in drying a variety of sludges including digested and waste activated sludges. The unique design of the BIO-PRILL includes all the necessary features to produce a consistent and uniform end-product. With the ability to control the feed rate into the dryer, the residence time in the dryer, and the temperature of the air entering the dryer, the BIO-PRILL continually and efficiently produces a valuable 90%+ dry solid material.
The heat energy for drying comes through direct contact with preheated air. By lowering the dew point of the material within the drum, the BIO-PRILL is able to dry at low temperatures (~200°F). Shaker screens separate discharged solids into three sizes: overs, ideals, and fines, with overs and fines being crushed and recirculated back to the front of the system. A cooling screw assures that ideally sized material is cooled to an acceptable temperature for client supplied discharge handling equipment. An integrated cyclone and venturi scrubber remove and capture any particulate prior to vapors being released to the atmosphere.
All this adds up to a cleaner, safer, and more efficient choice for your treatment plant. To find out more about the BIO-PRILL, please download our brochure and contact us HERE.